It’s almost time for the annual National Assessment Program – Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN), and parents across the country are wondering what they can do in the next few weeks to prepare children for the test.
NAPLAN measures the reading, writing, spelling, grammar and numeracy skills of students in Years 3, 5, 7 and 9. It is designed to test higher-order problem solving and interpretation skills. The purpose is to determine if educational programs are giving students the critical foundation they need to succeed.
NAPLAN tests skills that have been developed over time through learning programs and ‘cramming’ for the test is pointless. Experts claim that too much preparation can be detrimental, but there are several things you can do help your child perform well on the day.
While students receive individual results for NAPLAN, the test does not replace school-based assessments and only provides an overall snapshot of each child’s progress. Its purpose is to help educators design a curriculum that meets students’ needs and to identify areas for improvement in the school system. Students should be encouraged to see the test as a normal part of the school calendar rather than a major event requiring extensive preparation.
Your child should be familiar with the format of NAPLAN before they take the test. Most teachers will introduce practice questions throughout the school year so students know what to expect, but they can also practice at home using the sample tests. Online testing is currently being rolled out in schools on an opt-in basis. You can find out more about this through the NAPLAN website. Being familiar with the test format and style of questions helps reduce anxiety.
If your student is completing practice tests at home, it’s a great idea to measure how older children are making use of time. When they know how long to devote to each section, students are less likely to panic, become overwhelmed or get stuck on a hard question.
Students may be asked to write a narrative, informative or persuasive text based on stimulus material. This is the most challenging part of the test for many students as they lack confidence in their writing ability. Make sure your child understands the difference between texts types by using examples from everyday life. You can brainstorm ideas and practice planning what they’re going to write so they don’t run out of steam halfway.
Getting a decent night’s sleep is essential in the lead up to NAPLAN. Poor sleep affects memory, decision making and cognitive ability. You can ensure you child sleeps well by doing something unrelated to the test the night before exams and by using relaxation techniques. This is a perfect opportunity to help students learn how to manage exam stress.
These tips will help your student perform at their best in NAPLAN.
The school holidays are a time for kids to relax and recharge in preparation for another term. Students need a break from the daily routine, but this doesn’t mean learning has to stop altogether in the holidays.
There are many simple things kids can do at home which will keep their brains active.
These activities will keep children entertained and inspired:
The purpose of this activity is to get kids involved in planning the trip. Even a camp out in the backyard with some friends is fine for younger kids. Ask your student to work out how many tents and sleeping bags are required, and what supplies to pack. Give them a budget to plan meals and tell them to write a list of ingredients. Older kids can shop and manage the money. If camping is not your child’s style, they can plan a picnic or small party.
Reading is very important during school breaks, but children need to keep writing too. Designing a picture book is an ideal way for kids to express themselves creatively and develop their literacy skills. To get them started, look through some of their picture books together and ask them about the story and images. They can draw or paint pictures for their own book or find them online. When it’s finished, they may enjoy reading it to a younger child.
Many kids will jump at the chance to get their hands dirty. Encourage them to start their own garden in the backyard or buy a planter box for a balcony or windowsill. They will need to research appropriate plants, read labels and estimate how much room to give each plant. They’ll also have to work out how much fertilizer and watering are required. Encourage your child to document the garden as it grows by taking photos and even creating a blog.
Watching sports and following a favourite team is something many young people enjoy. You can turn this into a learning activity without taking the fun out of it by talking about game statistics. Encourage kids to research their team’s performance and discuss things like batting and bowling averages, strike rates, possessions and the ratio of goals scored compared to attempts made.
Crossword puzzles are an easy and fun way to enhance literacy skills. You can do them with your child or challenge each other to complete a puzzle a day. The trick is to find puzzles that are appropriate but still challenging. There are many great puzzle books available to buy or you can find quality free puzzles online.
Gaming is a popular pastime for young people, and there are many excellent educational resources available online to boost numeracy skills. Examples include Prodigy and Dragonbox. You can also find an endless supply of free maths quizzes and activities by doing a Google search.
These cost-effective activities are fun and educational!
Homework is a source of stress in many households. Kids often try to avoid it and parents become frustrated when they are constantly nagging children to get it done. Homework can also cause stress when the workload is excessive or during busy periods when kids feel overwhelmed by assignments, deadlines and exams.
When students are stressed, they don’t retain information as well and learning suffers. This can have a snowball effect so it’s best to tackle it early on.
These tips will help reduce homework stress:
Many parents make the mistake of relying on kids to do homework when they feel like it. Creating a schedule can take much of the stress out of homework because children don’t have the option to put it off. Experiment with what time of day best suits your child. Some kids prefer to get homework out of the way when they get home from school while others like to have a break first. Once you’ve established a time it’s important to stick to it. Completing their homework at a set time helps kids develop good time management skills.
It’s unfair to expect children to concentrate on homework when the TV is blaring, their siblings are fighting or there are loud conversations taking place in the next room. Students need a quiet, peaceful area to study. This may be in a common area in the house or in their bedroom. You should be able to check on them occasionally to make sure they’re on task and an adult should be available if they need help.
Keeping a planner in a prominent place with all assignments, exams and other school activities marked clearly on it helps students to stay on top of their work. It also allows you to check in with them to make sure they’re not leaving things until the last minute. Younger children may forget about homework assignments so it’s a good idea to look in their bags regularly for any forgotten tasks. When kids are organised they feel in control and this can alleviate much stress.
Students often see homework as a type of punishment, so it’s important to help them understand how it benefits them. Explain that homework not only teaches them academic skills, but also enables them develop discipline and organisational skills. When they express anger and frustration about homework, don’t try to deny their feelings. Instead use this as an opportunity to talk about managing emotions.
If your child is struggling with tasks or you feel that homework is excessive it’s important to contact the teacher. They may be able to give clearer instructions or revise the amount of homework given. Talking with the teacher will help you determine if your child’s problems with homework are a symptom of deeper learning issues requiring further intervention.
These tips will help reduce homework stress in your home.
Private or in-home tutoring can make all the difference to your child’s academic results. With this option, the tutor comes to your home at a set time each week to provide instruction in one or more subjects.
Other forms of tutoring include group sessions where children attend a centre with other students, and online sessions which take place remotely.While all additional support is beneficial, in-home tutoring has several advantages that may make this the best option for your family.
One of the prime reasons parents choose after-school tutoring is for the additional one-to-one attention students receive. This is obviously enhanced with in-home tutoring because educators work individually with students to get to know each child’s learning style. They can customise their approach in a way which is not possible in a group setting.
Students are more likely to be focused and relaxed in their own home away from the distractions of a classroom. Some children find it difficult to concentrate in small groups, which is why group tutoring does not work for everyone. When tutoring takes place at home you can ensure the environment is quiet and peaceful, which is very helpful for auditory learners. Children who experience anxiety also stand to benefit from in-home tutoring.
With so much communication taking place through devices today, opportunities for young people to develop good communication skills in person are limited. In-home tutoring is ideal for teaching children to converse effectively with adults, ask questions and express opinions. This direct contact helps build confidence in a way which is not possible through online tutoring, and it is of particular benefit to shy students and those who are reluctant to speak up in class.
It can be hard to gauge how your child’s tutoring sessions are progressing when they take place outside the home. With an in-home session, you can directly observe how your child and the tutor are interacting and the quality of support your student is receiving. As a result, you can raise any concerns with the tutor early on and ensure your child is engaged and motivated.
Having a tutor attend your home at a time which is suitable to you is much more convenient than arranging your time around an external schedule, especially if you have more than one child. When the tutor comes to you, there is more flexibility if you need to change a session time and it’s easier to ask questions and discuss your child’s progress in person. This allows you to build a good relationship with the tutor which will benefit your child.
In-home tutoring is a popular choice for these reasons and may be the best solution for your student.
As your children grow and change, the way you communicate with them will also evolve. Many parents find it difficult to understand when their teenagers become moody and begin challenging their authority.
Although you may feel hurt and rejected it’s vital to keep the lines of communication open for the sake of your relationship and your teens wellbeing.
Educational options for special needs students in Australia range from separate schools through to inclusive classes where students spend all their time in mainstream groups.
Inclusive classrooms are considered best practice for the range of benefits they provide for all students, but the drawbacks include larger classes and less individual attention.
Many mainstream teachers feel they lack the training and resources to deal with special needs students. As a result, these students may not receive the individual support and attention they require.
These questions can help you judge whether your child’s needs are being met:
It’s important for parents and teachers to share information about behaviour issues, individual requirements and progress for special needs students. It’s a good sign when your child’s teachers provide regular feedback about how your child is proceeding and are open to your feedback and suggestions.
One way to determine how seriously your student’s needs are treated is through their IEP (Individual Education Plan). Were you consulted during its development? Did real thought and effort go into the IEP, or is it treated as a ‘tick and flick’ exercise? Are learning activities differentiated to meet your child’s needs, based on the IEP?
The overall school culture plays a big role in your child’s education. You can gauge the level of commitment to meeting special needs through the additional supports provided. Are there enough teacher’s aides in the classrooms? Does the school provide regular access to services such as speech pathology and psychologists? Are you informed about your student’s entitlements and funding arrangements?
Does the school have high expectations for special needs students and encourage them to participate in all activities? Do they allow flexibility, such as providing a time-out area, for those who need a break from mainstream classes? Is bullying treated seriously and immediately dealt with?
Your child’s happiness at school reveals a lot about the quality of education they are receiving. If they attend school without complaining and are generally motivated and content, it’s a good indication they are coping with the work and feel comfortable at school.
When your child’s needs are being met you should notice positive changes in terms of their confidence, independence, organisational and social skills. If your student has regressed and become withdrawn, anxious or angry, they may be struggling in class and feel unsupported at school.
If you’re dissatisfied with the education your special needs student is receiving, it may not be necessary to change schools.
Children and teens are not always able to talk with parents about problems they’re having with schoolwork. They may feel embarrassed or ashamed, or just not know how to bring up the subject. They may not even be aware they are struggling, which is why parents need to be alert to the early warning signs.
These signs could indicate that your child is having problems in class:
You’re in a prime position to observe how your child manages homework. Do they need a lot of help from you? Do they have trouble understanding what’s required of them? Do they have difficulty concentrating and finishing their work? Are they spending excessive time on tasks? Are they disorganised and unable to keep track of what they need to do? These are reliable indicators that your child is having problems and could benefit from additional help.
If your previously open and talkative child suddenly doesn’t want to tell you about their day at school, it may be because of issues with classwork. If they’re happy to talk about their friends and what happened in the playground, but clam up when you ask them about what they did in class, it would be wise to talk to the teacher.
Young people who are having problems with schoolwork often try to avoid school altogether because it makes them feel bad. They may claim to be sick or become uncooperative in the morning in an attempt to avoid class.
Anxiety can manifest as trouble sleeping, irritability or excessive worry. Young people who are having difficulties at school feel overwhelmed and powerless. They often fear disappointing parents or bringing shame to the family. These students would benefit greatly from extra support with school work. They may also need professional help to manage anxiety.
It’s no secret that many children don’t love school and often need prompting to do homework. Once they get started on tasks, kid will generally take some pride in their work and be interested in their grades. Students who show no interest in school and have little motivation to complete tasks could be struggling to understand the work.
If your child’s teacher contacts you because of sudden behaviour problems in class, it may be because they are having difficulties keeping up. Young people lack the cognitive skills to explain how they feel and acting out may be the only way they know to get attention.
These signs could indicate that your child is having trouble with classwork, but they are also indicators of many other problems. If your student is exhibiting any of these behaviours it’s important to find the source of the problem by talking to their teacher and seeking professional advice.
Healthy self-esteem is vital for counteracting bullying in our schools. Bullies tend to seek out those they think won’t stand up for themselves, meaning kids who project confidence are less likely to be targeted.
Children with strong self-esteem are not completely protected from harassment by peers, but the effects will not be as harmful. Kids with genuine confidence don’t allow bullying to define who they are. They can shrug off spiteful comments, depriving bullies of the satisfaction they seek from hurting others.
Young people lacking in confidence internalise negative remarks, and this can seriously impact their self-image and wellbeing.
It’s not just targeted children who stand to benefit from greater self-confidence. Building confidence in all kids can help potential bullies feel better about themselves, resulting in less negative behaviour in schools.
Researchers have found that bullies are driven by fear of their own weaknesses being exposed. They attack others to appear strong, in the process projecting their fears onto other people. If these tormentors had a healthy enough sense of self to recognise that it’s OK to be vulnerable and have weaknesses, they wouldn’t need to victimise and dominate others.
Instilling confidence can also help stamp out this damaging behavior by empowering kids to take a stand when they see someone else being treated badly. Many children go through school without being seriously bullied but they witness others being teased regularly. The inaction of bystanders allows bullying to continue unchallenged. Kids who have the confidence to stand up for others can help make our schools safer and more welcoming.
March 15th is the 2019 National Day of Action Against Bullying in Australia. The theme is ‘Bullying. No Way! Take Action Every Day.’
Stephen Covey’s bestselling book The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People provides simple, inspiring advice to help people achieve more and fulfil their potential.
The concepts explored in the book can be applied to practically every area of life, and students have much to gain from introducing the 7 habits into their daily lives.
These tips, based on the 7 habits, will help students become more organised and effective:
This means taking initiative and holding yourself accountable for your actions and behaviour.
It’s motivating to have a goal to work towards, and it reinforces your power to shape your life.
This is hard for students with so many competing priorities, but developing discipline is vital for success.
Conflicts with parents, teachers and peers, and also between competing priorities, are part of life for students. This is the perfect time to learn how to manage conflict and disappointment.
This is all about listening to others first before expressing your opinion.
To synergize with others is to work together to come up with ideas and solutions. Group work provides an ideal opportunity to develop this skill.
This refers to looking after your body. Without good health it’s hard to concentrate and perform well.
The NSW Selective High School Placement Test, held on March 14, determines which current Year 6 students will be offered a place in selective public high schools around the state next year. A record number of students are expected to sit the test in 2019.
The exam measures comprehension, problem solving skills and writing ability. Due to the level of competition, it’s designed to stretch students. While innate ability is important, students can significantly increase their chances of success through good preparation.
The Selective High School Placement Test consists of four papers in the areas of reading, general ability, maths and written expression. The first three papers are multiple-choice tests, with 40 minutes allocated for each section. There are 45 questions for the reading section, 40 for maths and 60 for general ability. 20 minutes is allocated for the written component.
For the reading section, students are required to read short passages and answer multiple-choice questions which measure their comprehension. For maths, students must have a thorough grounding in addition, subtraction, division and multiplication, as well as shapes, areas, co-ordinates, volumes and patterns. The general ability section tests students’ aptitude in recognising relationships between numbers, words and letters, and identifying patterns. For the written section, students are given a stimulus to develop a written response.
Students who are familiar with the format of the test have a major advantage over those who don’t know what to expect. The single best way to become familiar with the exam is to practice regularly using sample papers which are available from the NSW Department of Education.
Through consistent practice, students learn how much time to spend on each question, and how to pace themselves. To complete the test in the time available, it’s recommended they spend 30 seconds on each reading question, 1 minute on each maths question, and 40 seconds on each general ability question. Considering the level of difficulty involved, it requires a lot of practice to become this fast and accurate.
While practice is important, students also need to develop tactics for answering questions.